Bhaskara II or Bhaskarachrya was an Indian mathematician and as- tronomer. His mathematical works Lilavati” and Bijaganita are considered to be unparalleled and a memorial to his profound intelligence. His arithmetic text Lilavati is divided into 13 chapters and covers many branches of mathematics, arith- metic, algebra, geometry, and a little trigonometry and mensuration and methods to solve indeterminate equations, and combinations. His Bijaganita (“Algebra”) was a work in twelve chapters. It was the first text to recognize that a positive number has two square roots (a positive and negative square root). His work Bijaganita is effectively a treatise on algebra In his treatise Siddhant Shiromani he writes on planetary positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. Bhaskara II or Bhaskarachrya was born near Bijjada Bida (in present day Bi- japur district, Karnataka state, South India) into the Deshastha Brahmin family. His father Mahesvara was as an astrologer, who taught him mathematics, which he later passed on to his son Loksamudra. Loksamudra’s son helped to set up a school in 1207 for the study of Bhskara’s writings.
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